With the most basic definition, SPATIAL = in space and TEMPORAL = in time.
What are spatial patterns?
A spatial pattern is a perceptual structure, placement or arrangment of objects on Earth, including space between those objects. These patterns are recognised because of their arrangement in line or clustering points.
What is a point pattern?
A point is a spatial pattern that is composed of closely arranged and somewhat organised points.
What is a line pattern?
A line pattern can be seen through road or river networks. Are they leading from one to another or they connecting each other in a meaningful manner?
What are areal pattern?
These are patterns based on colour and colour transition, representative texture and areas that are adjacent or nearby to each other.